This is an excerpt from Bill Warner’s book The Political Traditions of Mohammed – The Hadith for Unbelievers.
THE KORAN OF MECCA AND MEDINA
The early portions of the Koran were written in Mecca and are generally religious in nature. The part of the Koran written in Medina is very different. Islam developed a complete political ideology there. The Koran of Medina lays out the divine right of aggression and violence in all forms against the Kafir.
The Koran has 111 verses devoted to jihad. Three chapters of the Koran are titled War Treasure, Battle Array, Victory and War Steeds. Nearly all of the jihadic verses are found in the Koran of Medina. Since the jihadic verses were written later than the “peaceful” ones of Mecca, the jihadic verses can abrogate or nullify the peaceful ones.
Below we have examples of the dual nature of political Islam. These following verses do not contradict each other; they merely express the dual nature of the Islamic ethical system. They are equally acceptable and used according to the given situation.
KORAN OF MECCA
73:10 Listen to what they [Kafirs] say with patience and leave them with dignity.
109:6 To you be your religion, and to me my religion.
20:130 So be patient with what they say, and constantly celebrate your Lord’s praise before the sun rises and before it sets and for part of the night and at both ends of the day so that you may please Him.
50:45 We know exactly what the Kafirs say, and you should not compel them. Use the Koran to warn those who fear my threat.
10:99 But if the Lord had pleased, all men on earth would have believed together. Would you compel men to become believers?
45:14 Tell the believers to forgive those who do not hope for the days of Allah. It is up to Him to reward men according to their actions.
43:88 And the Prophet will cry, “My Lord, truly these are people who do not believe.” So turn away from them and say, “Peace.” They will soon find out.
KORAN OF MEDINA
2:191 Kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out of whatever place from which they have driven you, which is worse than murder.
9:123 Believers, fight the Kafirs who are near you, and let them find you to be tough and hard.
8:12 Then your Lord spoke to His angels and said, “I will be with you. Give strength to the believers. I will send terror into the Kafirs’ hearts, cut off their heads and even the tips of their fingers!”
9:29 Make war on those who have received the Scriptures [Jews and Christians] but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day. They do not forbid what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden. The Christians and Jews do not follow the religion of truth until they submit and pay the poll tax [jizya] and they are humiliated.
2:193 Fight them until you are no longer persecuted and the religion of Allah reigns absolute, but if they give up, then only fight the evil-doers.
5:33 The only reward for those who war against Allah and His messengers and strive to commit mischief on the earth is that they will be slain or crucified, have their alternate hands and feet cut off, or be banished from the land.
47:4 When you encounter the Kafirs on the battlefield, cut off their heads until you have thoroughly defeated them and then take the prisoners and tie them up firmly.