This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.
CHAPTER 20 MOHAMMED’S FINAL JIHAD (continued)
At the treaty of Hudaybiya, it was agreed that the Meccans and Mohammed could make alliances between themselves and other tribes. There were two different Arab tribes, one allied with the Meccans and the other allied with Mohammed. As tribes are prone to do, there was a murder and subsequently retaliation by the other tribe. Then it was escalated by the Quraysh of Mecca when they helped out their ally. A chief came to Mohammed to tell of his losses and how it was time for Mohammed to take the cause of his ally and punish the Quraysh of Mecca.
As a result of the fighting between a tribe allied with the Meccans and a tribe allied with Mohammed, he marched on Mecca with 10,000 men to punish them.
The Muslims camped at a small town near Mecca. The Meccans needed to know whether Mohammed was going to enter Mecca. Many lives would be saved if the people would come out and seek protection, so they would not be killed.
The chief of the Meccans, Abu Sufyan, came to the Muslim camp to negotiate. Abu Sufyan, the chief Meccan, spent the night in the Muslim army camp and went to Mohammed the next morning. Mohammed spoke, “Isn’t it time for you to recognize that there is no god but Allah?” Abu answered, “I thought that there had been another god with Allah, he would have helped me.” Mohammed replied, “Woe to you, Abu Sufyan, is it not time to recognize that I am Allah’s apostle?” Abu Sufyan said, “As to that I have some doubt.” He was told, “Submit and testify that there is no god but Allah and that Mohammed is his apostle before you lose your head!” So he submitted.
Abu Sufyan went ahead and announced to Mecca that Mohammed’s army was coming. They were not to resist but to go into their houses, his house or the Kabah and that they would be safe. Mohammed had told his commanders only to kill those who resisted. Otherwise they were to bother no one except for those who had spoken against Mohammed. The list of those to be killed:
- One of Mohammed’s secretaries, who had said that when he was recording Mohammed’s Koranic revelations sometimes Mohammed let the secretary insert better speech. This caused him to lose faith and he became an apostate.
- Two singing girls who had sung satires against Mohammed.
- A Muslim tax collector who had become an apostate (left Islam).
- A man who had insulted Mohammed.
Mohammed went to the Kabah and rode around it seven times. Each time he went past the Black Stone, he touched it with his stick. Then he called for the key to the Kabah and entered. There was a wooden dove carved that he picked up and broke and threw out the door. There were 360 ritual objects representing the gods of the various Arab faiths. Mohammed had them all destroyed by burning.
Mohammed announced the end of all feuds, all revenge killings, payment of blood money. Veneration of the ancestors was over.
KHALID’S DESTRUCTION OF THE NATIVE SHRINE
Mohammed sent Khalid to an ancient temple near Mecca that was used by several tribes for worship. When Khalid got there, he destroyed it completely.