This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.
CHAPTER 13 JIHAD, THE JEWS’ EXILE
61:11 Believe in Allah and His messenger and fight valiantly for Allah’s cause [jihad] with both your wealth and your lives. It would be better for you, if you only knew it!
THE AFFAIR OF THE JEWS OF QAYNUQA
There were three tribes of Jews in Medina. The Beni Qaynuqa were gold smiths and lived in a stronghold in their quarters. It is said by Mohammed that they broke the treaty that had been signed when Mohammed came to Medina. How they did this is unclear.
Mohammed assembled the Jews in their market and said: “Oh Jews, be careful that Allah does not bring vengeance upon you like what happened to the Quraysh. Become Muslims. You know that I am the prophet that was sent you. You will find that in your scriptures.”
They replied: “Oh Mohammed you seem to think that we are your people. Don’t fool yourself. You may have killed and beaten a few merchants of the Quraysh, but we are men of war and real men.”
The response of the Koran:
3:12 Say to the unbelievers, “Soon you will be defeated and thrown into Hell, a wretched home!” Truly, there has been a sign for you in the two armies which met in battle [at the battle of Badr, 300 Muslim defeated 1000 Meccans]. One army fought for Allah’s cause, and the other army was a group of unbelievers, and the unbelievers saw with their own eyes that their enemy was twice its actual size. Allah gives help to whom He pleases. Certainly there is a lesson to be learned in this for those who recognize it.
Some time later Mohammed besieged the Jews in the their quarters. None of the other two Jewish tribes came to their support. Finally the Jews surrendered and expected to be slaughtered after their capture.
But an Arab ally bound to them by a client relationship approached Mohammed and said, “Oh Mohammed deal kindly with my clients.” Mohammed ignored him. The ally repeated the request and again Mohammed ignored him. The ally grabbed Mohammed by the robe and enraged Mohammed who said, “Let me go!” The ally said, “No, you must deal kindly with my clients. They have protected me and now you would kill them all? I fear these changes.” The response by the Koran:
5:51 Oh, believers, do not take the Jews or Christians as friends. They are but one another’s friends. If anyone of you take them for his friends, he surely is one of them. Allah will not guide the evildoers.
5:52 You will see those who have a diseased heart race towards them and say, “We fear in case a change of fortune befalls us.” Perhaps Allah will bring about some victory or event of His own order. Then they will repent of the thoughts they secretly held in their hearts.
5:53 Then the faithful will say, “Are these the men who swore their most solemn oath by Allah that they were surely with you?” Their deeds will be in vain, and they will come to ruin. Oh, you who believe, if any of you desert His religion, Allah will then raise up a people whom He will love and who will be loved by Him. They will be humble towards the faithful and haughty towards the unbelievers. They will strive hard for Allah’s cause [jihad], and not fear the blame of any blamer. This is the grace of Allah. He gives to whom He pleases. Allah is all-embracing and all-knowing.
Mohammed exiled the Jews and took all of their wealth and goods.