This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.
CHAPTER 12 JIHAD AND THE KORAN
4:115 Anyone who opposes the Messenger after having received Our guidance and follows a path other than that of the true believer will be left to their own devices. We will lead them into Hell, an evil home.
The Koran uses the term “fighting in Allah’s cause” for jihad.
2:190 And fight for Allah’s cause [jihad] against those who fight you, but do not be the first to attack. Allah does not love the aggressors.
2:191 Kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out of whatever place from which they have driven you out, for persecution [the Meccans made Mohammed leave] is worse than murder. But do not fight them inside the Holy Mosque unless they attack you there; if they do, then kill them. That is the reward for the unbelievers, but if they give up their ways, Allah is forgiving and merciful.
2:193 Fight them until you are no longer persecuted and the religion of Allah reigns absolute, but if they give up, then only fight the evil-doers. The defilement of a sacred month and sacred things are subject to the laws of retaliation. If anyone attacks you, attack him in the same way. Fear Allah and know that He is with those who believe.
2:195 Spend your wealth generously for Allah’s cause [jihad] and do not use your own hands to contribute to your destruction. Do good, for surely Allah loves those that do good.
2:244 Fight for Allah’s cause [jihad] and remember that He hears and knows everything.
2:245 Who will lend Allah a generous loan, which He will pay back multiple times? Allah gives generously and takes away, and you will return to Him.
2:246 Have you not considered what the leaders of the Children of Israel said to one of their messengers when Moses died? They said, “Appoint a king for us, and we will fight for the cause of Allah.” He said, “What if you decline to fight when ordered to do so?” They said, “Why would we not fight for Allah when we and our children have been driven out of our homes?” But in the end, when they were ordered to fight all but a few refused. Allah knows the evil-doers.
2:261 Those who give their wealth for Allah’s cause are like the grain of corn that grows seven ears with each ear having one hundred kernels. Allah will multiply the wealth of those He pleases. Allah is caring and all-knowing. Those who give their wealth for Allah’s cause [jihad] and do not follow their gifts with guilt-inducing comments or insults will be rewarded by their Lord. They will have nothing about which to fear or grieve.
8:59 Do not let the unbelievers think that they will escape Us. They have no power to escape. Gather against them all of your armed forces and cavalry so that you may strike terror into the hearts of the enemies of Allah and your enemy, and others besides them whom you do not know but whom Allah knows. All that you give for Allah’s cause [jihad] will be repaid. You will be treated with fairness.
8:70 Messenger! Tell the captives who are under your control, “If Allah finds good in your hearts [if the prisoners convert to Islam], He will give you something better than that which has been taken away from you, and He will show you forgiveness. Truly, Allah is forgiving and merciful.” If, however, they plot to betray you, know that they have already betrayed Allah. He has therefore given you power over them. Allah is all-knowing and wise.
8:72 Truly, those who believe and have left their homes and have given of their wealth and lives for Allah’s cause, and those who have taken them in and helped them, will be as close as family to each other. But those who believed but did not leave their homes, you are not beholden to them until they also go into exile. But if they seek your help on account of the faith, it is your duty to help them except those against whom you have a treaty. Allah knows all that you do.
8:73 The unbelievers give comfort and protection to each other, therefore, if you do not do the same for one another, there will be oppression in the land and widespread corruption.