This is another article in the chapter Enormities from the classical manual on Sharia called Reliance of the Traveller. The articles are posted one by one in the order they are given in the book.
What I find interesting here is that a thought crime, disbelieving in destiny, belongs to the same category of crimes against Islam, Enormities, as killing or stealing. Does anyone know, what is the Sharia punishment for disbelieving in destiny? Is it milder or harsher than for murder?
p37.0 DISBELIEVING IN DESTINY (QADR)
p37.1 Allah Most High says:
(1) “Verily, We have created everything in a determined measure” (Koran 54:49).
(2) “Allah has created you and what you do” (Koran 37:96).
(3) “Whomever Allah leads astray has no guide” (Koran 7:186).
(4) “And Allah knowingly led him astray” (Koran 45:23).
(5) “But you will not want to unless Allah wants” (Koran 76:30).
(6) “And He inspired it [A: the human soul] its evil and its godfearingness” (Koran 91:8).
p37.2 The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) [was asked]:
(1) “Oh Messenger of Allah, what is faith?” And he replied, “To believe in Allah, His angels, His messengers, the resurrection after death, and in destiny (qadr, def: u3.7-8), its good and evil.”
(2) “There are six whom I curse, Allah curses, and who are cursed by every prophet whose supplications are answered: he who denies Allah’s destiny, he who adds anything to Allah’s book, he who rules arrogantly, he who considers what Allah has prohibited to be lawful, he who deems it permissible to treat my family in ways Allah has forbidden [A: such as insulting or reviling them], and he who abandons my sunna [A: out of disdain for it].”