This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.
CHAPTER 5 (continued)
Mohammed is the final prophet and the Koran is pure and perfect, whereas the Jewish and Christian scripture have been corrupted. Jews and Christians must submit to Islam. The Koran continues and perfects the Scriptures.
28:48 Yet when the truth came to them [the Meccans] from Us they said, “Why is he not given what was given to Moses?” Did they not reject what was given to Moses? They said, “Two works of sorcery [the Torah and the Koran] that helped each other, and we disbelieve them both.”
28:49 Say: Then bring a Book from Allah that will be a better guide than this so I may follow it if you speak the truth. If they do not answer you, then know that they are following their own lusts. Who is more widely astray than he who follows his own desires without guidance from Allah?
Allah does not guide the wicked. And now We have caused our word to reach them so they may be warned. Those [some of the Jews] to whom We gave the Scriptures before do believe in it [the Koran]. When it is recited to them they say, “We believe in it for it is the truth from Our Lord. We were Muslims before it came.”
28:54 They will receive their reward twice because they suffered with patience, repelled evil with good, and gave to charity out of that which We provided them.
It is Islam that defines the Jews and Christians.
45:16 Long ago we gave to the Children of Israel the Torah and the wisdom and the gift of prophecy, and We provided them with the good things. We favored them over all nations. We gave them clear commandments, but after they received knowledge, they began to differ amongst themselves because of envy. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Reckoning concerning these issues which separated them.
7:159 And among the people of Moses there is a certain number who guide others with truth and establish justice. And We divided them into twelve tribes, or nations, and We inspired Moses when the people asked for drink, saying, “Strike the rock with thy staff,” and from there gushed twelve springs, and each tribe knew its own place for water. We gave them clouds to shade them, and sent manna [food from heaven] and the quails to them. “Eat the good things We have provided you.” They did no harm to Us, but they did injure themselves [when they stored the manna instead of trusting that more would be furnished the next day].
7:161 When it was said to them… “Live in this town and eat wherever you wish and speak with humility and enter the gate in humility. We will forgive your wrongs, and We will give more to those who do good.” But those who did wrong among them changed that word [the Jews made a pun and changed hittat, absolution, to habbat, corn] into another that had been told to them, so We sent them a plague for their wrongdoings.
7:163 Ask them about the town that stood by the sea, how the Jews broke the Sabbath. Their fish came to them on their Sabbath day appearing on the surface of the water. But during the work week there were no fish to catch. So We made a trial of them for they were evildoers. And when some of them said, “Why do you preach to those whom Allah is about to destroy or chastise with awful doom?” They said, “To do our duty for the Lord so that they may be able to ward off evil.”
7:165 When they disregarded the warnings that had been given to them [not to work on the Sabbath], We rescued those who had forbidden wrongdoing, and We punished the wrongdoers for their transgressions. But when they persisted in what they had been forbidden, We said to them, “Be as apes, despised and loathed.” [The Jews were changed into apes.]
7:167 Then the Lord declared that until Resurrection Day, He would use others to punish the Jews, for the Lord is quick to punish, and most surely is He forgiving and merciful. And We sent them out on the land as separate nations. Some of them were righteous and some were not. We have tried them with prosperity and adversity in order that they might return to Us.
7:169 After them came an evil generation. They inherited the Scriptures [the Torah], but they chose the pleasures of this world saying, “Everything will be forgiven us.” If similar vanities came to them again, they would seize them again. But did they not accept a promise through the Scripture that they would not speak anything of Allah but the truth? And they have studied what is in the Book [Koran], but the home in the hereafter is for those who fear Allah. Do you not understand? And for those who keep the Scriptures and keep regular prayer, We will not waste the reward of the righteous. When We shook the mountain over them, as if it were a covering, and they thought it was going to fall on them, We said “Hold fast to what We have given you, and remember what is in it so you may guard against evil.”