Enormities: Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity, and Haughtiness

This is another article in the chapter Enormities from the classical manual on Sharia called Reliance of the Traveller. The articles are posted one by one in the order they are given in the book.

p15.0 ARROGANCE, PRIDE, CONCEIT, VANITY, AND HAUGHTINESS
p15.1 Allah Most High says:
(1) “Moses said, ‘I surely seek refuge in my Lord and yours from every arrogant person who disbelieves in the Day of Reckoning’ ” (Koran 40:27).
(2) “Assuredly, Allah loves not those who hold aloof out of pride” (Koran 16:23).
(3) “Such is the Final A bode. We grant it to those who seek not exaltation in the land, nor corruption” (Koran 28:83).
(4) . Turn not your cheek from people out of pride, nor walk haughtily through the land, for Allah loves no one who is conceited and boastful”
(Koran 31:18).
p15.2 The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:
(l) “Tyrants and the arrogant will be raised on the Last Day as grain strewn underfoot that people will walk upon.”
(2) “No one with the slightest particle of arrogance in his heart will enter paradise.” A man remarked, “But a man likes his clothes to be nice and his sandals good.” The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Verily, Allah is beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance is refusing to acknowledge what is right and considering others beneath one.”
(3) Allah Most High says, “Greatness is My garment and haughtiness My mantle: whoever vies with Me for them I will throw into hell”
(4) Salama ibn al-Akwa’ recounts that a man was eating with his left hand in the presence of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). The Prophet told him, “Eat with your right,” to which the man replied, “I cannot,” though nothing stopped him but arrogance. The Prophet said, “May you not be able to.” And the man could never lift his right hand to his mouth again.
p15.3 The wickedest arrogance is that of someone who exalts himself over people because of his learning and gloats to himself about his superiority. The knowledge of such a person is of absolutely no benefit to him. Whoever learns Sacred Knowledge for the sake of the next world is unsettled by his learning, his heart is humbled and his ego lowered. Such a person lies in wait for his selfishness and never gives it free rein. He constantly takes his ego to task and corrects it. Were he to neglect it, it would diverge from the right path and destroy him. The person who seeks knowledge to take pride in it or to gain a position of leadership, looking disdainfully at other Muslims, thinking them fools and making light of them-all this is the most enormous arrogance, and “no one with the slightest particle of arrogance in his heart will enter paradise.”

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