Reading the Koran. 51

This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.

CHAPTER 5(continued)

12:58 Joseph’s brothers came before him. He knew them, but they did not know him. And when he had provided them with their provision, he said, “Bring me your brother [Benjamin] from your father. Do you not see that I fill the measure and am the best of hosts? If you do not bring him to me, there will be no measure of corn for you from me, nor will you come near me.”

12:61 They said, “We will try to obtain him from his father [Jacob], and we will surely do it.”

12:62 Joseph told his servants, “Put their money into their camel-packs so they will see it when they have returned to their family so they will come back to us.”

12:63 When they returned to their father, they said, “Oh, our father, the grain has been denied us unless we return with our brother [Benjamin], so send our brother with us, and we will have our measure. We will guard him well.”

12:64 He said, “Should I trust you with him as I trusted you before with his brother? Allah is the best guardian, and He shows the most compassion of the compassionate.”

12:65 When they opened their goods, they found their money had been returned to them. They said, “Oh, our father, what more can we desire? Our money has been returned to us. We will provide corn for our families and will take care of our brother and will receive a camel’s burden of more corn. What we bring now is a light quantity.”

12:66 He said, “I will not send him with you but on your oath before Allah that you will bring him back to me unless you are surrounded.” When they had given him their pledge, he said, “Allah is witness of what we say.”

12:67 And he said, “Oh, my sons! Do not enter by one gate, but enter by different gates. Yet I cannot help you against anything decreed by Allah. Judgment belongs to Allah, alone. I put my trust in Him, and let all who trust put their trust in him.”

12:68 And when they entered as their father commanded, it did not protect them from anything decreed by Allah. It was a desire of Jacob’s soul, which he satisfied. He was possessed of knowledge, which we had taught him, but most men do not know. When they came to Joseph, he took his brother to him. He said, “I am your brother, so do not grieve at what they did.” When he had provided them with their provisions, he placed his drinking cup in his brother’s camel-pack. Then a crier cried after them, “Oh, travelers, you are surely thieves.”

12:71 They turned back to them and said, “What is that you are missing?” 12:72 “We miss,” they said, “the King’s cup. Whoever finds it will receive a camel’s load of corn. We are bound by that promise.”

12:73 The brothers said, “By Allah, you know certainly that we did not come to make mischief in the land and are not thieves.”

12:74 “What,” said the Egyptians, “will be the penalty for this if you are found to be liars?”

12:75 They said, “The penalty will be on the one in whose camel-pack it will be found, he will be given up to you in satisfaction for it. This is how we punish the unjust.”

12:76 Joseph began to search their sacks before he came to the sack of his brother [Benjamin]. From the sack of his brother he drew out the cup. We planned this for Joseph. By the King’s law, he had no power to seize his brother if Allah had not willed it. We uplift whomever we please, but above every one else is the all-knowing.

12:77 They said, “If he steals, a brother of his has stolen before,” but Joseph kept his secret, and did not reveal it to them. He said, “You are in the worse condition, and Allah knows what you allege.”

12:78 They said, “Oh, Prince, he has a very aged father, who will grieve him. Take one of us instead, for we see that you are a generous person.”

12:79 He said, “Allah forbids that we take someone other than him with whom our property was found, for then we should be acting unjustly.”

12:80 When they saw that Joseph was unyielding, they privately conferred. The eldest of them said [to Benjamin], “Do you not know that your father took a pledge from you in Allah’s name and how you failed in duty with regard to Joseph? So I will not leave this land until my father permits me, or Allah decides for me for He is the best. Return to your father and say, ‘Oh, our father, your son has stolen. We bear witness to what we know. We could not guard against the unforeseen. Ask for yourself in the city where we have been and of the caravan with which we have arrived. You will find we are telling the truth.’

12:83 Jacob said, “No, you have arranged all this among yourselves. Patience is most fitting for me, and Allah may bring them back to me together for he is the knowing, the wise.”

12:84 He turned away from them and said, “Oh, how I am grieved for Joseph!” and his eyes became white with grief for he bore a silent sorrow.

12:85 They said, “By Allah, will you never cease to think of Joseph until you are at the point of death, or dead?”

12:86 He said, “I only plead my grief and my sorrow to Allah, but I know from Allah what you do not know. Go, my sons, and seek tidings of Joseph and his brother, and do not give up hope of Allah’s mercy for only the unbelievers despair of the mercy of Allah.”


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