Enormities: Showing Disrespect to One’s Parents

This is another article in the chapter Enormities from the classical manual on Sharia called Reliance of the Traveller. The articles are posted one by one in the order they are given in the book.

Chapter P6.0: Showing Disrespect to One’s Parents

P6.1 Allah Most High says:
-1- “Your Lord decrees that you shall worship none but Him and treat your parents well, and if one or both of them each old age with you, say not ‘Uff!’ to them nor upbraid them, but speak noble words and lower the wing of humility to them out of mercy” (Koran 17: 230-24).
-2- “And We enjoin man to be good to his parents” (Koran 29: 8). [back to top] P6.2 The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Shall I not tell you of the worst of the enormities?…” and one of those he mentioned was undutiful behavior to one’s parents. Chapter P7.0: Accepting Usurious Gain (Riba) (def: k3) [back to top] P7.1 Allah Most High says:
“O you who believe: fear Allah and forgo what remains of usurious gain if you are believers. If you will not, then know of a declaration of war (against you) from allah and His messenger” (Koran 2: 278-79). [back to top]

P7.2 The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,
“May Allah curse him who eats of usurious gain (riba) or feeds it to another (A: curse (la’n) meaning to put someone far from the divine mercy).” [back to top] Chapter
P8.0: Wrongfully Consuming an Orphan’s Property
P8.1 Allah Most High says:
-1- “Verily, those who wrongfully eat the property of orphans but fill their belles with fire, and shall roast in a blaze” (Koran 4: 10).
-2- “Approach not the orphan’s property, save in exchange for that which is better” (Koran 6: 152). [back to top]
If the orphan’s guardian is poor and consumes some of his charge’s property without exceeding what is permissible, there is no harm in it (A: no haram (la ba’s) being a technical term in Sacred Law meaning that it is better not to). What is in excess of the permissible is absolutely unlawful. (N: Scholars say that the guardian may lawfully only take whichever is less: the amount he needs, or else the wage typically received for work comparable to that performed for the orphan.) The criterion of the permissible is what is customary among people who are true believers free from base, ulterior motives.


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