This is another excerpt from Bill Warner’s book Abridged Koran where the verses of Koran are arranged in their chronological order and provided with facts from prophet Muhammad’s life, giving context for them.
CHAPTER 4 (continued) Other Jewish references, Moses
20:45 They said, “Lord, we are afraid that he will be arrogant toward us, or try to harm us.”
20:46 He said, “Do not be afraid, because I am with the both of you. I will listen and watch over you. Go to him and say, ‘Surely we have been sent by your Lord. Let the Children of Israel go with us and do not torment them. We bring you a sign from your Lord, and peace to him who follows His guidance. It has been revealed to us that those who reject him and turn away will be punished.”’
20:49 And Pharaoh said, “Who is your Lord, Moses?”
20:50 Moses said, “Our Lord is the One who created everything and gave it all purpose.”
20:51 Pharaoh replied, “What is the state of the previous generations?”
20:52 Moses said, “That knowledge is with My Lord, recorded in His book. My Lord never errs and He never forgets. He has spread the earth for you like a carpet and made paths for you to follow. He has sent down the rain from heaven, and from that we produce the various herbs: (Saying) ‘Eat and feed your cattle. Surely, there are signs here for a thinking man. We created you from it, we will return you to it, and from it we will raise you a second time.’”
20:56 We showed him all of Our signs, but he rejected and refused them. He said, “Moses, have you come to drive us from our land with your magic? We will surely produce magic to match your own. Let us schedule a contest—which neither of us should miss—in a neutral location.”
20:59 Moses said, “Let us meet on the day of the feast. Gather the people together at mid-day.”
20:60 So Pharaoh and his magicians made their plans and came to the meeting.
20:61 Moses said to them, “Woe to you! Do not invent a lie against Allah, or He will destroy you with His punishment. A liar is always destroyed.”
20:62 The magicians discussed their plans in secret. They said, “These two are expert magicians who plan to drive you from your land with their magic and to destroy your way of life. Make your plans and come and form ranks. Whoever wins today will gain the upper hand.” They said, “Moses, will you throw down your rod first, or shall we?” He said, “You cast first.” Then, through their magic, their ropes and rods appeared to run, and Moses became afraid.
20:68 We said, “Do not be afraid, you will have the upper hand. Cast down what is in your right hand. It will swallow up what they have made because it is nothing but a magicians trick, and a magician, no matter how good, will not be successful.”
20:70 The magicians threw themselves down and worshipped. They said, “We believe in the Lord of Moses and Aaron.” Pharaoh said, “Will you believe in him before I give my permission? This must be the master who taught you your magic. I will cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides and crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and you will surely learn then which of us gives the more terrible and long-lasting punishment.”
20:72 They said, “We will never have more regard for you than we do for the clear signs that have been revealed to us, or than we have for our creator. So decree whatever you will decree. Your decrees are only good in this life. We believe in our Lord that He may forgive our sins and magic which you forced upon us. Allah is better and more lasting than you. Hell surely waits for the guilty who come before their Lord. There they will neither live nor die, but lofty positions wait for the believers who come righteously before their Lord! They will dwell in eternal gardens with underground rivers. This is the reward of the pure.”
20:77 We revealed to Moses, “Take away My servants and travel by night. Cleave a dry path through the sea for them. Do not be afraid of being overtaken and have no fear.” Pharaoh and his army followed, but the sea overwhelmed them, because he misled his people by not guiding them.
20:80 Children of Israel! We saved you from your enemies, and We made a pact with you on the sacred side of the mountain and sent down to you manna and quails. We said, “Eat the good things that We have given you, but not to excess, or My wrath may fall on you, and whoever My wrath falls upon will surely perish. I will surely forgive him who turns to Allah and believes and does good deeds, and listens to guidance.”
20:83 (Allah said) “Moses, why have you hurried ahead of your people?”
20:84 Moses said, “Lord, they are right behind me, but I have hurried to be with you to please you.”
20:85 He said, “We have tested your people while you were gone, and Samiri [The identity of Samiri is not known] has led them astray.”
20:86 Moses returned to his people angry and sad. He said, “My People, did your Lord not promise you a good promise? Was I gone from you too long, or did you break your promise with me because you wanted to anger your Lord?”
20:87 “We did not want to break our promise with you, but we had to carry the people’s ornaments, so Samiri suggested we throw them in the fire.” Then he brought out of the fire the image of a lowing calf. They cried, “This is your god and the god of Moses, but he has forgotten.”
20:89 What! Did they not see that it could not reply to them and could not help or hurt them?
20:90 Aaron had already told them, “People, You are being tested. Surely your Lord is the god of Mercy: Follow and obey me.”
20:91 They said, “We will not stop worshiping it until Moses returns.”
20:92 Moses said, “Aaron, when you saw that they had gone astray, why did you not come and get me? Did you disobey my order?”
20:94 He said, “Son of my mother! Do not grab me by the beard or the head. I was afraid that you would say that I caused a division among the Children of Israel, and did not wait for your word.”
20:95 Moses said, “Samiri, what was your motive?” He replied, “I saw what they did not. My soul prompted me, so I took a handful of dust from the footprint of Allah’s messenger and flung it into the calf.”
20:97 Moses said, “Go away. Surely your punishment in this life will be to say, ‘Do not touch me.’ And there is a sentence against you that you cannot avoid. Now look at the god that you are so devoted to. We will certainly burn it to ashes and scatter them on the sea. Your god is Allah. There is no god, but Allah. He knows all things.”